Hypothyroidism is a condition where hormones T3 and T4 becomes considerably low by increased TSH.
Let,s discuss some foods that should be taken and that should be avoided, while on hypothyroidism therapy to ensure the better absorption of medicine as well to maintain our weight.
Foods to Eat in Hypothyroidism
Some of the foods which can be taken to keep our TSH in pace and for weight loss are
Mushroom is one of the best foods for thyroid patients. It contains more amount of selenium, which helps in the conversion of T4 hormone to T3 hormone, thus very necessary to treat hypothyroidism.
However, nutritious consumption is beneficial for everyone but patients of hypothyroid should specifically include nuts in their diet. Nuts contain selenium. Almonds and walnuts are a good diet for this disease.
●Milk and curd
Minerals, calcium and other Vitamins are found in milk in adequate quantities. Eating yogurt boosts immunity in the body. Probiotics help maintain gastrointestinal system healthy in hypothyroidism.
The thyroid patient should eat iodized food, as iodine is essential for the formation of thyroid hormones.
●Nuts and Seeds
The diet which contains adequate amounts of iron and copper, their consumption helps in thyroid function. To get iron, should eat almonds, cashews and sunflower seeds in your diet.
Compared to flour, whole grains contain high amounts of vitamins, minerals, proteins, and fibers.
Eating cereals increase the body’s immune system. Eat old brown rice, oats, whole wheat bread, whole wheat pasta, and popcorn.
People suffering from the hypothyroid disease should definitely include eggs in their diet as hormones T3 and T4 are made up of a protein that is found in eggs. So 2 eggs per day can work well.
Those who prefer non-veg must eat fish because iodine is found in large amounts. Although iodine is found in all fishes, oceanic fishes have high amounts of iodine.
Therefore, saline fish like sailfish and shrimp should be eaten in which omega-3 fatty acids are found in a large quantity.
For vegans supplements of fish cord liver oil can be taken
●Fruits and vegetables
Fruits and vegetables are the primary sources of antioxidants that help the body fight diseases. The fiber found in vegetables strengthens the digestive tract, which makes the food digestible.
●Green and leafy vegetables
Hyperthyroidism makes the bones slim and weak so green and leafy vegetables should be consumed in which there are vitamin-D and calcium which strengthens bones.
Eating red and green chilies, tomatoes and blueberries lead to an excessive amount of antioxidant inside the body. Therefore, patients of hypothyroidism should consume fruits and green vegetables.
Fenugreek seeds provide us with many types of health benefits. Fenugreek proves to be a good diet for hypothyroidism disease. Thyroid hormone can be controlled by the Antioxidants present in fenugreek,
There are abundant omega-3 fatty acids in flax seeds. This plays an important role in working properly in the thyroid gland. People suffering from hypothyroidism should definitely use flax seeds and flaxseed oil.
The nut is also called as beneficial to wipe hypothyroidism. In addition to seafood, walnut is considered to be the best source of iodine.
Iodine is an essential nutrient that plays an important role in keeping the thyroid gland healthy and functioning.
Mulethi is often used for a cough. But it also works to balance the thyroid gland.
It maintains energy levels. Apart from this, the major component found in the mulethi is glycyrrhizic acid, or GZA, which is highly invasive, and prevents thyroid cancer cells from growing.
In a glass of water, soak 2 teaspoons of coriander in the night and boil it in the morning. Drink it empty stomach when it remains one fourth. Continuous use of this treatment can help to get rid of hypothyroidism problem.
Some plant extracts, like ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Gotu Kola (Centella Asiatica), and guggul (Commiphora Mukul), may ease symptoms of hypothyroidism.
Food to Avoid in Hypothyroidism
To keep our levels in control and for weight loss due to hypothyroidism following foods should be avoided
Soybean and soy-rich foods have phytoestrogens that can prevent the activity of the enzyme that creates thyroid hormones.
One study found that women taking a dose of soya were three times more likely to develop hypothyroidism.
◆Iodine-rich foods in excess
Some forms of hypothyroidism are due to the lack of adequate iodine. In such cases, the use of iodised salt or iodine-rich foods can be beneficial.
But eating too much iodine can have an adverse effect and the thyroid gland activity can be suppressed.
The dosage of iron or calcium can also change the effectiveness of many thyroid medicines.
◆High fibre foods
Although a high fibre diet is usually recommended, after taking thyroid medication, its absorption may be interfering.
A gap of at least two hours is necessary after taking medicine to have a high fiber meal.
Cruciferous vegetables which are rich in fiber, such as broccoli, cabbage, spinach, can stop drug absorption.
As there are some elements in these that interfere withthe body’s ability to use iodine to produce hormones. So these can be used cooked.
So dear friends try to plan your food according to your hormone levels, what to take and what to avoid.
My personal advice is not to take anything healthy in excess and not to avoid anything completely.
Be wise and consume everything in moderation as each of these food items described above have a good or bad impact when taken for a long time.
Eat healthy stay healthily
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Dr Seema Gupta
Senior Ayurvedic Medical Practitioner