DNA- Data Storage|A Good Store House For World’s Data
Unlimited data storage in your DNA
Humans are using technology to store an incredible amount of data and we may reach a limit soon if we don’t find new technologies
Fortunately DNA might just hold the answer to our data issue.
How Much Data Is Stored In The World?
Google processes 3.5 billion searches every day. 4.3 million videos are watched on YouTube and more than 156 million emails are sent.
On an average 8000 Tweets are Tweeted every second and more than 350 million photos are uploaded on Facebook every single day.
By 2020 every person will generate an estimated 1.70 megabytes of data just in one second this equals to 410 trillion gigabytes of data in a single year.
Assuming the World’s population will be about 7.8 billion, it is predicted that by 2025 this figure will rise to more 175 trillion gigabytes
If you don’t find better data storage technologies, we could be moving towards a massive bottleneck in our storage capability is which could stunt growth for businesses and innovations.
Advantages Of DNA Data Storage
An alternative to our current storage devices is DNA based data storage. DNA has a lot of advantages when it comes to data storage. For example, it’s Ultra-compact and easy to replicate
DNA Storage Capacity
How Much Data Can You Store In DNA
A single gram of DNA can store up to 215 petabytes that are 215 million gigabytes
The entire World’s Data could be stored in just one kilogram of the stuff and you can store everything from text to images and videos in DNA
How Long Can Data on DNA Last?
It can last hundreds of thousands of years and won’t degrade over time like cassette tapes and CDs.
Can DNA Be Used To Store Information?
In a recent breakthrough, Microsoft and researchers at the University of Washington developed the world’s first DNA storage device that carries out the entire process automatically.
Using the device researches encoded the word HELLO into DNA and converted it back to readable data.
How Is DNA Data Stored?
The device first converts the digital files into binary code consisting of ones and zeros on bits
The system then uses specialized software that encodes the bits into DNA sequences, using strands of DNA’S four-letter alphabets A, T, C, and G.
The device then synthesizes the DNA and stores it as a liquid. Next, the Stored DNA is read by a DNA sequencer. Finally, the decoding software translates the sequences back into bits, that can be understood by computers.
This DNA storage device may be amazing but the concept is not brand new. Scientist have been storing digital data in DNA since 2012
They encoded a 52,000-word book in thousands of small pieces of DNA, but the method they used, was inefficient and the storage capacity was very limited,.
Per gram of DNA, they could only store about 1.3 petabytes of data.
How Much Does It Cost To Store Data?
Even though techniques are improving before DNA data storage can be used commercially, the time and cost of synthesizing DNA and recording the information need to come down.
It took 21 hours to write the5-byte, HELLOmessage and read it back out.
The device alone cost roughly $10,000 adding this to the cost of precursor materials to synthesize DNA makes the process uneconomical.
But DNA technology and synthetic Biology are moving at an unprecedented rate.
It costs 2.7 billion dollar and 15 years to sequence the first Human Genome. Today all it takes is 2 days and $1000 to sequence your entire genome.
Everything alive demonstrates that DNA is already the world’s most flexible and useful storage medium.
We just need to learn, how to harness, what nature has been doing for millions of years and utilize it in our Technologies.
So, friends, it was all about how DNA can be good data storage for use in the future.
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