Ayurveda – Introduction | Ayurvedic Principles | Ayurvedic Medicine

What Is Ayurveda
What Is Ayurveda

Ayurveda – Introduction | Ayurvedic Principles | Ayurvedic Medicine

Ayurveda is a system to care holistic health unlike any other healthcare system. It is thought to be old over five thousand years.

Concept of Ayurvedic Medicine teaches us to see the world as it relates to the elements—or doshas—of vata, pitta, and kapha.

According to Ayurveda concept, everyone is born with a mixture of these three doshas. Determining the constitution of your body, your primary dosha is the first step towards finding your optimal state of balanced, natural health.

What Is Ayurveda?

The word “Ayurveda” is formed of two words derived from Sanskrit Language,


  • ayu” meaning “life” or “longevity” and
  • veda” meaning “science” or “sacred knowledge.

So “Ayurveda” can be defined as

  • “the science of longevity” or
  • “the sacred knowledge of life.”

Ayurveda is a holistic health care tradition and the best way of living that can help each of us to be happy and healthy always and celebrate our wellness.

Ayurveda can help us to:

  • Co-ordinate with our truest inner nature.
  • Develop our strengths and
  • develop our challenge areas.
  • Redirect harmful tendency.
  • Maintain balance in the event of adverseness.

In other words, Ayurveda is not just about taking herbal formulas and waiting for results. Instead, Ayurveda encourages you to be an active participant in your journey towards medicine.

This includes learning about their relationship with the elements and the unique combinations they form, Doshas, which we will explain below. First, let’s have a look at the background of Ayurveda.

Ayurveda: A Brief History

The practice of Ayurveda as a medicine is believed to be five thousand years old, this was the Vedic period of ancient India. The earliest known reference to Ayurveda and its sister branch, yoga, is found in old litrature, called “The Veda”,  scholarly texts.

Ayurveda experienced a period of prosperity after Vedic texts were taught and shared, but it was nearly a thousand years of struggle to remain relevant in the context of India’s political conflicts with various invading countries – notably the British Empire.

Despite this, those who continued to practice Ayurveda at the boundaries of society until India gained independence in 1947, kept this tradition alive. Ayurveda then revived as a major system of healthcare, which is still in India.

During the New Age movement of the 20th century, Ayurveda began to make its way to the West, helping with the increasing popularity of Yoga and Eastern Spiritualism.

Definition- Health Definition According to Ayurveda

The word for health, swastha, frm Sanskrit language, is a state in which the mind, soul and senses interact harmoniously to experience a sense of self, well-being and even bliss.

Achieving this may seem like a daunting goal, but Ayurveda offers us a wealth of elegant and enjoyable tools to help us get there.


Ayurvedic Principles

Before we learn how Ayurveda can help us, one must first learn how to see yourself from an Ayurvedic perspective. The first step is to understand some key Ayurvedic principles, the facts through which Ayurveda views the universe.

These are the basic tools for Ayurveda basics:

  • Interpreting the laws of nature
  • counterbalance different states of health or
  • take a course towards improving imbalances.

These key principles will also help in understanding how Ayurveda represents to such timeless art and science.

Ayurvedic Principles-The Five Elements

Ayurveda recognizes the five elements as the basic building blocks of nature:

  1. Earth-पृथ्वी
  2. Water-जल
  3. Fire-अग्नि
  4. Air-वायु
  5. Ether (Space)-आकाश

Every substance has all these five elements. According to Ayurveda, in a given substance, one or two elements usually prevail over others.

Ayurvedic Principles-The Twenty Qualities (gunas)

Ayurveda identifies twenty qualities (gunas), which can be used to describe every substance or experience. These qualities are organized into ten pairs of opposites:

Ayurvedic Principles

Ayurveda-Doshas- Body Type

Gunas are essential for understanding the Ayurvedic principle which grows in this way and which opposes equilibrium. For example, a person who is of a particularly cold nature, who lives in a cold climate, in the middle of winter, may experience an increase in cold quality.


As an abundance of heat-warming foods, hot drinks, heating spices, soothing baths, light warm clothes and, if possible, heart-warming experiences.

Then there are three doshas (physical humor): Vata, Pitta and Kapha. Doshas, ​​or some combination of them, can be identified in different climates, climates, landscapes, activities, plants and animals. Each of them symbolizes the combination of elements and qualities to form an energetic force of nature – a functional unit.

The three doshas are present in all, but the ratio between them varies greatly from one person to another. We will achieve this in a moment, but first, here is an overview of the essential nature of each dosha.

1. Vata Dosha

 Vata Dosha
Vata Dosha

2. Pitta Dosha

3. Kapha Dosha

Kapha Dosha
Kapha Dosha


Each of us has a combination of these three doshas in our body at some point. There is a combination of doshas born with us, called our constitution, Ayurvedic body type, or Prakriti in Sanskrit.

We also have a state of imbalance (deformity), which represents the increased defects within our body at a given time. If the doshas are beyond the healthy limits (as determined by one’s constitution), they can have bad effects on our health.

Ayurveda-The difference between constitution and imbalance

It is incredibly helpful knowing both your Ayurvedic constitution and your current state of balance. This knowledge will allow you to adjust the most basic components of your day – such as,

  • how you exercise or
  • when you eat ,

to better support your overall well-being. However, there are important differences between Doshas that involve your constitutional adornment and Doshas that may be imbalanced within you.

Ayurveda-Understanding Constitutions

As mentioned earlier, our,

  • Constitution,
  • Prakriti or
  • Ayurvedic body type,

is established within you at the time of conception and remains stable throughout your lifetime. It represents your natural state of balance and your blueprint for your health.

Ayurveda considers seven basic constitutional types:

  1. Vata-type: greater quantity of Vata, less quantity of bile and phlegm.
  2. Pitta-type: Higher quantity of bile, less quantity of Vata and Kapha.
  3. Kapha-type: greater quantity of Kapha, less quantity of Vata and Pitta.
  4. Vata-Pitta-type (or Pitta-Vata): greater quantity of both Vata and Pitta, less quantity of Kapha.
  5. Pitta-Kapha (or Kapa-Pitta): greater quantity of both Pitta and Kapha, less quantity of Vata. .
  6. Kafa-vata (or vata-kapha): greater quantity of both vata and kapha, less quantity of bile.
  7. Tridoshej (or Vata-Pitta-Kapha-type): equal amount of all three doshas within the body.

Your constitution affects your,

  • Physiology,
  • Your likes and dislikes,
  • Instincts and habits owened by you,
  • Your mental and emotional character and
  • Individual’s vulnerabilities to imbalances and illness.

Therefore, learning to manage your constitution can be truly enlightening.

Read More, Ayurveda Diet Plan Ayurveda Food list to Add to Your Daily Life

Ayurveda-Understanding imbalances

By detecting your current state of equilibrium, you will see current level of doshas in your system. Unlike the constitution of one, the current state of equilibrium can and will change over time as we go through different seasons, different weather, and different stages of life.

Vata Dosha imbalance occurs when Vata is high. It can cause,

  • fear,
  • anxiety,
  • physical and emotional constriction,
  • opacity,
  • poor circulation,
  • constipation,
  • dry skin,
  • joint cracks,
  • thin stature,
  • insomnia,
  • twitchings,
  • tremor and
  • other abnormal movements.

A Pitta dosha imbalance occurs when the pitta is in overdose. It can cause,

  • anger,
  • heartburn,
  • bloating,
  • excessive heat,
  • heartburn,
  • loose stools,
  • migraines,
  • rashes,
  • bruises,
  • bleeding disorders,
  • rapid appetite,
  • a hyperactive metabolism and,
  • difficulty sleeping.

A Kapha Dosha imbalance occurs when there is an excess of kapha dosha. It can cause,

  • attachment,
  • greed,
  • resistance to change,
  • lack of motivation,
  • heaviness in mind and body,
  • excessive sleep,
  • depression,
  • a sluggish metabolism,
  • congestion,
  • water retention,
  • hardening of the arteries, and
  • the formation of masses and tumors.

It is also possible for more than one dosha to be out of balance at a given time, or unbalance of all three doshas. As mentioned earlier, Ayurveda teaches that, as the things having the same qualities will increase the same dosha, and opposite will calm it down. (See twenty qualities table above.)

For example, suppose your pitta dosha is increased. You have had,

  • a short temper recently,
  • are very judgemental, and
  • have some acidity in your digestive system.

With which properties should you interact to find balance? Qualities that are,

  1. Hot, fast, light, liquid, diffuse and oily or,
  2. Properties that are calm, slow, heavy, dense, stable and dry.

If you said “2,” you are learning quickly! When we know which particular qualities are enhanced, we can be even more accurate in our treatment strategies, figuring out specific practices to incorporate the opposite qualities needed in our lives to find balance.

This is the basic priniciple of Ayurveda, for treatment.

Which dosha should I focus on balancing?

Remember, if any of the doshas are out of balance (and for most of us, there is at least one of them), your constitution will not tell you the whole story. Your current state of equilibrium may actually be more important because it highlights what doshas you need to calm down in order to return to equilibrium and to identify the most effective treatment strategies for your particular condition can help you

There are, of course, some universes in Ayurveda: practices that are generally considered beneficial to all of us, regardless of the constitution or the current state of equilibrium. But if you just follow the general principles, then you can inadvertently limit the extraordinary potential of Ayurveda which specifically supports you and your changing needs.


Ayurvedic Medicine- Benefits

The beauty of the Ayurvedic approach is that it is as elegant and comfortable for a new person as it may be to an experienced Ayurvedic practitioner.

For those relatively new to Ayurveda, the tradition provides a clear path to better well-being and vitality. The same set of principles guides an Ayurvedic practitioner skilled in directing powerful treatments to specific organs, tissues, and channels throughout physical and energetic bodies.

At the heart of the Ayurvedic approach to wellness is the idea that, as the things having the same qualities will increase the same dosha, and opposite will calm it down..

So whether we are trying to mitigate the effects of certain congenital weaknesses, or trying to correct an active imbalance, we can apply opposite energies to steer our body in the right direction.

The twenty qualities mentioned above provide the most direct illustration of how the concept works, and their grouping in ten pairs of opposits is intuitive enough to understand how this knowledge can be applied practically.

Beyond its traditional roots, there are many other reasons why you may be interested in exploring an Ayurvedic lifestyle. Now that you have familiarized yourself with some of the basic principles of Ayurveda, let us learn about some practical benefits of Ayurveda.

Ayurveda-Health Benefits

Integrating Ayurveda into your life can be quite beneficial in terms of your overall well-being, but what are some specific issues that it can help with?

Let us explore eight different areas in which Ayurveda can improve your health:

1. Prevention

The traditional practice of Ayurveda is used to treat the cause , as opposite of the symptom. Therefore it is considered more preventive in nature than many other forms of medicine.

Ayurveda can show you how you can support your immune system and reduce the stress that often causes imbalance and disease, reaching the root of the problem.

2. Daily Routine

Ayurveda can help you establish a daily routine, that is called, DINCHARYA, to help you feel ready, stable, and ready to start a day.

Your daily routine may include,

  • cleaning your tongue upon waking up,
  • practicing some yoga or meditation daily, and
  • soothing your system periodically with a loving oil-massage.

3. Ayurvedic diet and food combination

Ayurveda has many dietary and food combination tips to help maximize Agni or digestive fire. Learning about your constitution and state of balance will help you determine which dietary options are right for you.

4. Exercise- Ayurveda & Yoga

Asanas can have a cooling or heating effect on the body. Learning yoga from an Ayurvedic point of view is helpful for determining which pose will give you optimal well-being.

5. Ayurvedic Herbal Support

Ayurveda has much knowledge in the world of herbal medicine. The use of these Herbal Medicines is very organic and safe.

6. Ayurveda’s approach to energy and vitality

It has been multifaceted, with a special focus on Adrenal Gland health. By supporting your these glands and finding natural sources of energy, you can stay active and do what you love without experiencing an accident or compromising your health later.

7. Ayurveda for beauty

Ayurvedic outlook on beauty focuses on the whole body, body, mind and soul. Ayurveda has suggestions for luscious hair, smooth skin, and more. Its overall outlook will make you feel beautiful from inside to outside.

8. Ayurveda For Sleep

The surprising number of  life problems are due to unbalanced sleep. Whether you need to sleep more or less, Ayurvedic methods can help you get your waking hours to bed, better and consistently.

So, friends, this is a short description about Ayurveda, where we have learned, Ayurveda – Introduction | Ayurvedic Principles | Ayurvedic Medicine.

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