Otherwise its unpleasant and frustrating, but the upside is that this is often a very treatable problem
and we a great options for swollen knee treatment.
Knee Pain Diagnosis
It requires a focused medical history, that sorts out the details of the pain, like
what it feels like (eg aching, sharp, or burning),
where it is located (eg front of or behind the joint),
when it started (eg, gradually or suddenly), and whether there was any recent trauma (eg blow to the knee).
Apart from medical history, examination of the joint imaging tests like Xray or MRI are done to make or confirm a diagnosis.
In the end, after understanding the precise cause of pain we formulate an effective treatment plan that optimizes the knee healing process and provides relief to our patients.
Our knee is a complex structure made up of three bones-
- Lower part of the thighbone,
- Upper part of the shinbone,and
Also, there are strong ligaments and tendons that hold these bones together, as well as cartilage around the kneecap and between the bones to provide cushion and stabilize the knee against any damage or disease
Knee Pain Reasons
There are different types of arthritis that may affect the knee joint, the two most common are,
- Osteoarthritis and
- Rheumatoid arthritis.
It is more common in people over the age of 50. It develops as a result of wear and tear of the cartilage in the joint due to aging. It causes pain while moving it. The pain may be a constant dull, aching pain. It is the most common type found in patients.
2. Rheumatoid arthritis
This is an autoimmune disease in which a person’s immune system attacks multiple joints in the body. Along with pain, swelling, redness, and warmth over the kneecap may also occur. *In rheumatoid arthritis pain tends to improve with activity*.
◆Knee Ligament Injuries
◆Patellar tendonitis and tear
It is the most common in people who engage in sports or activities that require frequent running and jumping.people with this condition feel sharp pain during activity.
◆Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
This is most common in adolescents and young adults and is usually caused by vigorous activities that put stress on the knee, like running, squatting or climbing stairs. Due to this condition causes a dull, aching pain feeling underneath the kneecap.
It develops as a result of overuse of the knee too much like bending etc.or from a knee injury. Its symptoms may be a pain, either sharp or aching, located in front of, around, and or behind the kneecap.
All Baker’s cysts do not cause pain, but if they do, the tightening” pain is felt in the back of the knee and there are stiff knee and a visible bulge that worsens with activity.
It is commonly found in people who kneel, like gardeners. Less commonly due to an infection, gout, rheumatoid arthritis, or a direct blow to bursitis. A mild aching knee pain that can only be felt with knee movement.
◆Iliotibial Band Syndrome
This is commonly caused as a result of overuse, especially in runners, and causes an aching, burning pain on the outside of the knee joint. Sometimes, the pain spreads from thigh to the hip
Knee pain Reasons-Less Common
1. Dislocated Kneecap
Gout is an inflammatory condition that occurs due to high levels of uric acid in the bloodstream. It is deposited in the form of crystals within certain joints, like the big toe, fingers, knee, or hip. A gout attack often affects one joint at a time, causing a severe burning pain, as well as swelling, and heating effects of the affected area.
3. Osteochondritis Dissecans
It is found in children and adolescents and occurs as a result of a lack of blood supply to a small segment of the knee bone. The first symptom is pain that is localized to the knee that is experienced with activity.
4. Plica Syndrome
In this, the person feels middle and front pain that worsens with knee activity, like squatting, running or kneeling, or with prolonged sitting. A popping sensation is often felt while bending the knee.
5. Osgood-Schlatter’s Disease
It is a condition seen in children between the ages of nine to fourteen. It causes knee pain. The pain improves with rest and worsens with knee movement.
6. Kneecap Fracture
This causes discomfort, especially when trying to straighten the kneecap, also bruising and swelling over the kneecap.
7. Knee Joint Infection
It causes knee pain, with swelling, warmth, stiffness, and often with fever.
8. Bone Tumor
Very rarely, bone tumours, such as an osteosarcoma, may be the source of one’s pain. Associated symptoms like fever or unintentional weight loss and pain that is particularly worst at night.
Knee Pain Symptoms
- An injury that causes deformity around the joint
- pain that occurs on the night or while restingUnable to bend the knee
- Signs of an infection, including fever, redness, warmth
- Any other unusual symptoms
Ayurvedic View for Knee Pain
According to Ayurveda pains are usually caused by the aggravation of Vata (air) dosha. Arthritis is caused by the accumulation of ama (Ama is toxic by-product generated due to poor digestion) and the aggravation of Vata.
This spreads throughout the body and gets deposits or is integrated into the body parts that are weaker. When the ama deposits in and around the joints due to the aggravation of data, it results in a condition called “amavata” this amavata is arthritis.
Swollen Knee Treatment
A. Self-Care Strategies
Many therapies are simple, straightforward, and can be done at home.
The first treatment for the most common conditions that causes knee pain is the rest of the joint, allowing the immediate inflammation to subside. Rest can be useful to relieve knee pain.
Depending on the diagnosis, your doctor may recommend For example, in the case of patellar tendonitis, we advise supportive taping and patellar tendon straps. For prepatellar syndrome, a lightly wrapped elastic bandage over the knee (with a hole where the kneecap is) recommended.
Sometimes to maintain stability, a knee brace may be advisable, as in the case of a collateral ligament injury or partial dislocation. In the same way, in some kneecap fractures, a cast or splint may be placed for healing.
3. Physical Therapy
Physical therapy is a very important aspect of treatment. In this Physiotherapists use different techniques to regain mobility of joint, increase the strength of muscles and help patients to return to their pre-injury level of activity.
Swollen Knee Treatment-Ayurvedic Treatment
There are many herbs in Ayurveda that can be taken on a daily basis to prevent from an age-related ailment
1.Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera)
It has many useful properties for the human body, including the treatment of joint pain. One can consume Ashwagandha as its leaves or tablets twice a day for the relief of pain in the joints.
2.Guggul( Commiphora Mukul)
Guggulu has the properties that can increase the number of white blood cells in the body which in turn can dis-infect body fluids thus relieving swelling and pain.
3.Garlic (Allium sativum)
Garlic can be used for treating joint pains. It can be taken in the morning, five to six cloves with warm water.
4.Ginger (Zingiber officinale)
Ginger is also beneficial for treating joint pains. It can be taken as raw, its juice or grated.
5.Lemon juice (citrus juice)
It is also beneficial in the cases of joint pain as the citrus property of a lemon can help in melting ama accumulated in joints. Lemon water with honey can help in relieving stiffness of joints along with helping to reduce weight.